Now showing items 195-214 of 288

    • Occupational Choice and Investments in Human Capital in Informal Economies 

      Berniell, Lucila (CAF; Argentina, 2017-12-12)
      Countries di er greatly in their levels of schooling and also in their rates of entrepreneurship. At the same time, the share of the so-called \shadow economy" -informal economic activities- is very large in some countries ...
    • Oil abundance and growth 

      Cavalcanti, Tiago; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Raissi, Mehdi (CAF; Caracas, 2010)
      The aim of this paper is to investigate the following questions: Is an abundance of oil, a curse or a blessing? What are the effects of oil abundance on growth and economic development, as seen in the level of income per ...
    • On the emergence and significance of local economic development strategies 

      Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés; Tijmstra, Sylvia (CAF; Caracas, 2009)
      This paper examines to what extent local and regional economic development strategies (LED) are becoming a necessary and viable complement to traditional development strategies in a world that has been radically changed ...
    • On the middle 70%. The impact of fiscal policy on the emerging middle class in Latin America using Commitment to Equity 

      Daude, Christian; Lustig, Nora; Melguizo, Angel; Perea, Jose Ramon (CAF; Buenos Aires, 2017-08-05)
      This paper analyzes the effects of indirect and direct taxes, as well as monetary and in-kind transfers on the income distribution in nine Latin American countries applying the CEQ methodology and using household and ...
    • Optimal age-dependent taxation in emerging markets: A quantitative assessment 

      Uribe-Terán, Carlos; Gachet, Iván; Grijalva, Diego F. (CAF; Caracas, 2019-12-29)
      This paper studies the design and welfare implications of an optimal age-dependent taxation scheme for an emerging economy. The setting is an overlapping generations economy with uninsured productivity risk, partially ...
    • La pandemia del COVID-19 en América Latina: impactos y perspectivas 

      Arreaza, Adriana; López, Oswaldo; Toledo, Manuel (CAF; Caracas, 2021-09-07)
      La pandemia del COVID-19 ha tenido un severo impacto socioeconómico en América Latina y el Caribe. La caída sin precedentes de la actividad económica y del empleo ocasionó un marcado deterioro de indicadores de bienestar ...
    • El paradigma del Estado ágil: análisis y recomendaciones de las reformas de simplificación de trámites 

      López Azumendi, Sebastián (CAF; Caracas, 2021-08-31)
      La pandemia del COVID-19 constituyó un punto de inflexión para el proceso de transformación digital y simplificación de trámites que atravesaban varios países de la región. La necesidad de responder de manera rápida y ...
    • Paraguay: Análisis de sostenibilidad fiscal 

      Cabral Lassalle, Guillermo (CAF; Caracas, 2021-01-28)
      En este trabajo se analiza la sostenibilidad de la deuda de Paraguay. La deuda de Paraguay mostraba una evolución creciente desde el 8,1% del PIB en 2011 al 22,7% del PIB en 2019, nivel bajo para estándares internacionales. ...
    • Patrones de desarrollo en América Latina: ¿convergencia o caída en la trampa del ingreso medio? 

      Sanguinetti, Pablo; Villar, Leonardo (CAF; Caracas, 2012)
      América Latina cuenta con el mayor número de países de ingreso medio del mundo, sin embargo, durante la mayor parte del siglo XX las tasas de crecimiento per cápita de los países de la región fueron inferiores a aquellas ...
    • Pax Monopolista and Crime: The Case of the Emergence of the Primeiro Comando da Capital in São Paulo 

      Biderman, Ciro; Sergio De Lima, Renato; Pinho De Mello, João Manoel; Schneider, Alexandre (CAF; Caracas, 2014-07-15)
      This paper documents a rare phenomenon: the consequence of the dominance of a single criminal gang in the city of São Paulo, the Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC). Using unique data to identify entry in geographically ...
    • Peer Effects in the Development of Capabilities in Adolescence 

      Balsa, Ana; Gandelman, Néstor; Roldán, Flavia (CAF; Caracas, 2015-09-29)
      We estimate peer effects in cognitive, non-cognitive and health-related outcomes in a sample of Uruguayan high-school students. Our identification strategy is based on two features of the data: (i) parents are not able to ...
    • People or places: the causes of spatial income differences in Brazil 

      Clemens, Michael; Ortega, Daniel (CAF; Caracas, 2010)
      This paper explores testable implications of a simple model of spatial heterogeneity in earnings, a model in which this spatial heterogeneity arises both from differences in the places that people work and differences among ...
    • Perceptions of Police Corruption in Medellín 

      Arias, Eric; Hanson, Rebecca; Kronick, Dorothy; Slough, Tara (CAF; Caracas, 2019-11-06)
      Conventional wisdom holds that police corruption is a scourge across Latin America, undermining citizens’ trust in and collaboration with police officers. We find that this does not describe police-community relations in ...
    • Police reform, training and crime: experimental evidence from colombia's plan cuadrantes 

      García, Juan Felipe; Mejía, Daniel; Ortega, Daniel (CAF; Caracas, 2013)
      The Plan Nacional de Vigilancia Comunitaria por Cuadrantes (PNVCC) is a new police patrolling program introduced in the eight major cities of Colombia in 2010 by the National Police. The strategy divides the largest cities ...
    • Political connections and misallocation of procurement contracts: evidence from Ecuador 

      Brugués, F.; Brugués, J.; Giambra, S. (CAF; Caracas, 2018-12-2)
      This paper uses detailed ownership information of private firms in Ecuador and the identity of bureaucrats to document the effects of political connections on firm size and the allocation of government contracts. Reduced-form ...
    • Political constraints and state capacity: Evidence from a land allocation program in Mexico 

      Fergusson, Leopoldo; Larreguy, Horacio; Riaño, Juan Felipe (CAF, 2015-07-20)
      In this paper we contribute to the understanding of the politics of state building. We emphasize that incumbent clientelistic parties might have incentives to sustain state fragility when politically challenged. We develop ...
    • Políticas de empleo para enfrentar la crisis del COVID-19 

      Álvarez, Fernando; Brassiolo, Pablo; Toledo, Manuel (CAF; Caracas, 2021-07-13)
      Esta nota muestra cómo la crisis de la pandemia ha provocado una altísima destrucción de empleo que ha afectado más a los jóvenes, las mujeres y a trabajadores informales, independientes, menos educados y de empresas ...
    • Políticas de fomento al emprendimiento dinámico en América Latina: tendencias y desafíos 

      Kantis, Hugo; Federico, Juan; Menéndez, Cecilia (CAF; Caracas, 2012)
      Este trabajo se focaliza en las políticas de fomento al emprendimiento dinámico, es decir de las nuevas empresas que, además de sobrevivir, logran crecer de manera significativa. Este trabajo describe y analiza aquellas ...
    • Políticas de inclusión financiera y las nuevas tecnologías en América Latina 

      Mejía, Diana; Azar, Karina (CAF; Caracas, 2021-07-13)
      La digitalización de los servicios financieros tiene el potencial de promover la inclusión financiera al reducir algunas de las barreras tradicionales que limitan la participación de las personas en el sector financiero ...
    • Políticas para reducir las brechas educativas en la pospandemia 

      Berniell, Lucila; Díaz, Bibiam; Estrada, Ricardo; Hatrick, Agustina; Llambí, Cecilia; Maris, Lesbia; Singer, Dinorah (CAF; Caracas, 2021-08-17)
      El cierre sin precedentes de las escuelas en casi todos los países y el efecto de la pandemia del COVID-19 en los ingresos y el bienestar de las familias han afectado negativamente los aprendizajes y la trayectoria educativa ...