Now showing items 1-18 of 18

    • Does it Matter Where You Grow up? Childhood Exposure Effects in Latin America and the Caribbean 

      Muñoz, Ercio (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-15)
      I study whether the observed differences in intergenerational educational mobility across regions in Latin America and the Caribbean are due to the sorting of families or the effect of grow ing up in these different places. ...
    • The Effect of the Kangaroo Mother Care Program (KMC) on Wages: A structural Model 

      Cortés, Darwin; Attanassio, Orazio; Gallego, Juan; Maldonado, Darío; Rodríguez, Paul; Charpak, Nathalie; Tessier, Rejean; Ruiz, Juan Gabriel; Hernández, Tiberio; Uriza, Felipe (CAF; Caracas, 2016-04-14)
      In this paper we analyze the relationship between skills and some outcomes later in life for a population of premature children. Pretreatment skills and characteristics are good predictors of childhood and adulthood skills ...
    • Expectations about Returns to Education. The Role of Parental and Youths’ Characteristics 

      Novella, Rafael; Repetto, Andrea (CAF; Caracas, 2022-01-17)
      Investing in human capital requires, among others, access and capacity to process information. This paper focuses on understanding the role of expected returns to education in determining schooling decisions. Using data ...
    • Family Rules: Nepotism in the Mexican Judiciary 

      Brassiolo, Pablo; Estrada, Ricardo; Fajardo, Gustavo; Martínez-Correa, Julian (CAF; Caracas, 2021-10-19)
      We show that bureaucrats can exploit discretion in hiring decisions to engage in forms of favoritism that hinder organizational performance. We do this in the context of the Mexican federal judiciary. The arrival of a judge ...
    • Gender Gaps in Labor Informality: The Motherhood Effect 

      Berniell, Inés; Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Edo, María; Marchionni, Mariana (CAF; Caracas, 2020-12-15)
      We estimate the short- and long-run labor market impacts of parenthood in a developing country, Chile, based on an eventstudy approach around the birth of the first child. We assess mechanisms behind these effects based ...
    • Igualdad de oportunidades educativas: un indicador sencillo para América Latina 

      Gasparini, Leonardo; Laguinge, Luis; Ciaschi, Matías; Guido Neidhöfer (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-07)
      Este documento presenta estimaciones para América Latina de un indicador simple de igualdad de oportunidades educativas que mide el grado en que las variables de entorno familiar (ingreso y educación de los padres) dan ...
    • Integrating Early-life Shocks and Human Capital Investments on Children´s Education 

      Duque, Valentina; Rosales-Rueda, María; Sánchez, Fabio (CAF; Colombia, 2016-10-04)
      This study investigates how early-life conditions interact with subsequent human capital investments to influence future educational outcomes. To provide causal evidence, we exploit two sources of exogenous variation: i) ...
    • Intergenerational mobility in education in Latin America 

      Neidhöfer, Guido; Ciaschi, Matías; Gasparini, Leonardo (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-15)
      This document provides a comprehensive analysis of intergenerational mobility in Latin America, focusing on the association between parental education and the education of their children. It updates the estimates provided ...
    • Learning About Opportunity: Spillovers of Elite School Admissions in Peru 

      Estrada, Ricardo; Gignoux, Jérémie; Hatrick, Agustina (CAF; Caracas, 2021-03-29)
      This paper studies how the admission of a student to an elite school changes the schooling outcomes of younger cohorts in the student’s origin school in Peru. Using a sharp regression discontinuity design, the analysis ...
    • Misallocated Talent: Teen Pregnancy, Education and Job Sorting in Colombia 

      Agüero, Jorge M. (CAF; Caracas, 2021-04-20)
      Policy makers and international organizations often argue that teenage pregnancy affects girls’ life trajectories by, for example, limiting their employment opportunities. These concerns are amplified in regions with high ...
    • Motherhood and flexible jobs: Evidence from Latin American countries 

      Berniell, Inés; Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Edo, María; Marchionni, Mariana (CAF; Caracas, 2021-03-05)
      We study the causal effect of motherhood on labour market outcomes in Latin America by adopting an event study approach around the birth of the first child based on panel data from national household surveys for Chile, ...
    • Motherhood and the Allocation of Talent 

      Berniell, Inés; Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Edo, María; Fawaz, Yarine; Machado, Matilde P. (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-29)
      In this paper we show that motherhood triggers changes in the allocation of talent in the labor market beyond the well-known effects on gender gaps in employment and earnings. We use an event study approach with retrospective ...
    • Motherhood, Pregnancy or Marriage Effects 

      Berniell, Inés; Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Edo, María; Fawaz, Yarine; Machado, Matilde P. (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-28)
      The existence of large child penalties on women’s labor market outcomes has been documented for multiple countries and time periods. In this paper, we assess to what extent marriage decisions and pregnancies (including ...
    • Poor Little Children: The Socioeconomic Gap in Parental Responses to School Disadvantage 

      Berniell, Inés; Estrada, Ricardo (CAF; Buenos Aires, 2017-11-08)
      In this paper, we study how parents react to a widely-used school policy that puts some children at a learning disadvantage. Specifically, we first document that, in line with findings in other countries, younger children ...
    • Savings Groups Reduce Vulberability but have Mixed Effect on Financial Inclusion 

      Frisancho, Veronica; Valdivia, Martin (CAF; Caracas, 2021-01-08)
      This paper evaluates the impact of the introduction of savings groups on poverty, vulnerability, and financial inclusion outcomes in rural Peru. Using a cluster randomized control trial and relying on both survey and ...
    • The distortionary effect of size and factor dependent policies: The role of factor substitutability in measuring the impact of a child-care subsidy policy in Chile 

      Escobar, Diego; Lafortune, Jeanne; Rubini, Loris; Tessada, José (CAF; Buenos Aires, 2017-04-04)
      In an effort to increase female labor participation in Chile, firms with more than 19 women must pay for childcare for the children of their female employees. We evaluate the effects of such policy using a model that ...
    • La violencia de género en América Latina: diagnóstico, determinantes y opciones de política 

      Agüero, J.M. (Caracas, 2018-01-24)
      En los últimos años, se ha generado una demanda desde la sociedad civil y los gobiernos de América Latina para identificar los determinantes y las opciones de políticas que permitan reducir la violencia contra la mujer. ...
    • Will you marry me, later? Age-of-marriage laws and child marriage in Mexico 

      Bellés-Obrero, Cristina; Lombardi, María (CAF; Caracas, 2020-11-03)
      We provide empirical evidence on the impact of raising the minimum age of marriage to 18 years old on child marriage, early motherhood, and school enrollment in Mexico. Using a difference-in-differences model that takes ...