Now showing items 1-20 of 187

    • Family Rules: Nepotism in the Mexican Judiciary 

      Brassiolo, Pablo; Estrada, Ricardo; Fajardo, Gustavo; Martínez-Correa, Julian (CAF; Caracas, 2021-10-19)
      We show that bureaucrats can exploit discretion in hiring decisions to engage in forms of favoritism that hinder organizational performance. We do this in the context of the Mexican federal judiciary. The arrival of a judge ...
    • Determinantes de los niveles de integración regional en las dos últimas décadas 

      Moncarz, Pedro; Flores, Manuel; Villano, Sebastian; Vaillant, Marcel (CAF; Caracas, 2021-09-09)
      La hipótesis principal del trabajo es que el mal desempeño de América Latina en términos de comercio intrarregional se explica por los altos niveles de costos comerciales. Se construyó una base de datos para el período ...
    • Inequality and Crime in Latin America and the Caribbean: New Data for and Old Question 

      Schargrodsky, Ernesto; Freira, Lucía (CAF; Caracas, 2021-09-07)
      The purpose of this paper is to study the relationship between inequality and crime, with a focus on the Latin America and Caribbean region.We find a significant, positive, and robust association between these variables. ...
    • Estrategia de contención del COVID-19 en el Barrio Padre Carlos Mugica (Ciudad de Buenos Aires) 

      Suaya, Agustina; Schargrodsky, Ernesto (CAF; Caracas, 2021-06-16)
      En el marco de la pandemia de la COVID-19 el presente estudio busca brindar evidencia sobre la efectividad de una estrategia integral en la contención del virus implementada por el Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires ...
    • Waits and Delays in Road Freight Transport 

      Hernández, Carlos Eduardo (CAF; Caracas, 2021-05-06)
      This paper studies waits and delays in the trucking industry of a developing country: Colombia. We follow 186,000 longhaul trips over 926 routes between 2015 and 2019, using GPS devices located in trucks. We find that ...
    • Misallocated Talent: Teen Pregnancy, Education and Job Sorting in Colombia 

      Agüero, Jorge M. (CAF; Caracas, 2021-04-20)
      Policy makers and international organizations often argue that teenage pregnancy affects girls’ life trajectories by, for example, limiting their employment opportunities. These concerns are amplified in regions with high ...
    • Bimodal Transport Infrastructure and Regional Development: Evidence from Argentina, 1960 - 1991 

      Belmar, José; Gentile Passaro, Diego (CAF; Caracas, 2021-04-13)
      We estimate the impact of railroad and road infrastructure on local economic development through the study of massive transport infrastructure changes in Argentina. Following a World Bank study, 10,000 kilometers of railroads ...
    • Learning About Opportunity: Spillovers of Elite School Admissions in Peru 

      Estrada, Ricardo; Gignoux, Jérémie; Hatrick, Agustina (CAF; Caracas, 2021-03-29)
      This paper studies how the admission of a student to an elite school changes the schooling outcomes of younger cohorts in the student’s origin school in Peru. Using a sharp regression discontinuity design, the analysis ...
    • Motherhood and flexible jobs: Evidence from Latin American countries 

      Berniell, Inés; Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Edo, María; Marchionni, Mariana (CAF; Caracas, 2021-03-05)
      We study the causal effect of motherhood on labour market outcomes in Latin America by adopting an event study approach around the birth of the first child based on panel data from national household surveys for Chile, ...
    • Savings Groups Reduce Vulberability but have Mixed Effect on Financial Inclusion 

      Frisancho, Veronica; Valdivia, Martin (CAF; Caracas, 2021-01-08)
      This paper evaluates the impact of the introduction of savings groups on poverty, vulnerability, and financial inclusion outcomes in rural Peru. Using a cluster randomized control trial and relying on both survey and ...
    • Local externalities in labor markets: congestion and information flow among peers 

      Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Juncosa, Federico (CAF; Caracas, 2020-12-16)
      We explore local externalities in labor markets, exploiting the random assignment of a large-scale internship program in Argentina. Examining the probability of registered employment in the 12 months after the program, we ...
    • Gender Gaps in Labor Informality: The Motherhood Effect 

      Berniell, Inés; Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Edo, María; Marchionni, Mariana (CAF; Caracas, 2020-12-15)
      We estimate the short- and long-run labor market impacts of parenthood in a developing country, Chile, based on an eventstudy approach around the birth of the first child. We assess mechanisms behind these effects based ...
    • Will you marry me, later? Age-of-marriage laws and child marriage in Mexico 

      Bellés-Obrero, Cristina; Lombardi, María (CAF; Caracas, 2020-11-03)
      We provide empirical evidence on the impact of raising the minimum age of marriage to 18 years old on child marriage, early motherhood, and school enrollment in Mexico. Using a difference-in-differences model that takes ...
    • Conflicting Incentives: Government Financial Aid, Vocational-to-University Track Change and Graduates’ Wages in Chile 

      Meneses, Francisco; Blanco, Christian; Flores, Roberto; Paredes, Ricardo (CAF; Caracas, 2020-10-16)
      Although literature on education economic returns is not un- common, research focusing in vocational students is quite scarce. This paper addresses labor market outcomes of vocational high schools’ students and their ...
    • Heterogeneous effects of automation: How are young workers affected by a changing labor market? 

      Brambilla, Irene; César, Andrés; Falcone, Guillermo (CAF; Caracas, 2020-08-18)
      We study the effect of automation on labor market outcomes with a focus on young workers and the case of Chile. We develop an index of routine task content of each occupation and follow two approaches. First we study the ...
    • Skills and selection into teaching: Evidence from Latin America 

      Estrada, Ricardo; Lombardi, María (CAF; Caracas, 2020-08-12)
      This paper documents a novel stylized fact: many teachers in Latin America have very low levels of cognitive skills. This skills deficit is the result of both low levels of competencies among the population and a gap between ...
    • Brecha de habilidades de los jóvenes en el mercado laboral colombiano 

      Díaz, Ana María; Salas, Luz Magdalena (CAF; Caracas, 2020-07-21)
      La brecha de habilidades entre la oferta y la demanda laboral explica parcialmente la desfavorable situación laboral de los jóvenes. Este estudio mide el desajuste entre las habilidades que requiere la demanda de trabajo ...
    • Life expectancy at retirement and income levels in Chile 

      Edwards, Gonzalo; Soto, Raimundo; Zurita, Felipe (CAF; Caracas, 2020-06-15)
      We document that life expectancies at the age of retirement differ significantly by income levels and gender in Chile. Using a sample of over 500 thousand workers that retired under the annuity system, we find that, ...
    • Jobs’ amenability is not enough: The role of household inputs for safe work under social distancing in Latin American cities 

      Berniell, Lucila; Fernandez, Daniel (CAF; Caracas, 2020-06-01)
      The recent literature has emphasized the role of occupations in quantifying the amount of telework possible under social distancing measures during the COVID-19 outbreak. However, telework requires not only a teleworkable ...
    • Self-Selection into Corruption: Evidence from the Lab 

      Brassiolo, Pablo; Estrada, Ricardo; Fajardo, Gustavo; Vargas, Juan (CAF; Caracas, 2020-04-22)
      We study whether the existence of opportunities to extract rents in a job affects the type of individuals who are attracted to it. We design a laboratory experiment in which individuals choose between two contracts, each ...