Now showing items 1-20 of 200

    • Expectations about Returns to Education. The Role of Parental and Youths’ Characteristics 

      Novella, Rafael; Repetto, Andrea (CAF; Caracas, 2022-01-17)
      Investing in human capital requires, among others, access and capacity to process information. This paper focuses on understanding the role of expected returns to education in determining schooling decisions. Using data ...
    • Motherhood and the Allocation of Talent 

      Berniell, Inés; Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Edo, María; Fawaz, Yarine; Machado, Matilde P. (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-29)
      In this paper we show that motherhood triggers changes in the allocation of talent in the labor market beyond the well-known effects on gender gaps in employment and earnings. We use an event study approach with retrospective ...
    • La movilidad educativa intergeneracional en el siglo XX en América Latina y el Caribe 

      Berniell, Lucila; Bonavida, Cristian; de la Mata, Dolores; Schargrodsky, Ernesto (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-29)
      En este trabajo aportamos nuevas mediciones de movilidad educativa intergeneracional para América Latina y el Caribe a partir de datos censales armonizados para 22 países. Producimos estimaciones de medidas de movildiad ...
    • Motherhood, Pregnancy or Marriage Effects 

      Berniell, Inés; Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Edo, María; Fawaz, Yarine; Machado, Matilde P. (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-28)
      The existence of large child penalties on women’s labor market outcomes has been documented for multiple countries and time periods. In this paper, we assess to what extent marriage decisions and pregnancies (including ...
    • Going subnational: wage differentials across levels of government in Brazil, Mexico and Uruguay 

      Baez, Maria Josefina; Brassiolo, Pablo; Estrada, Ricardo; Fajardo, Gustavo (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-22)
      Workers at subnational governments play a prominent role in the delivery of public services in most countries. Yet, information about their remuneration is scarce. Using data for Brazil, Mexico and Uruguay, we document ...
    • Spatial inequalities in educational opportunities: The role of public policies 

      Katzkowicz, Noemí; Querejeta, Martina; Rosá, Tatiana (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-17)
      This paper documents spatial patterns in intergenerational mobility at the top of the educational distribution and assess the role of public policies in increasing educational opportunities. Our analysis relies on novel ...
    • Surnames and Social Rank: Long-term Traits of Social Mobility in Colombia and Chile 

      Jaramillo-Echeverri, Juliana; Álvarez, Andrés; Bro, Naim (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-16)
      In the last two years, Colombia and Chile have witnessed strong social protests, characterized by slogans against inequality and the lack of social mobility. In this study we propose a comparative study on social mobility ...
    • Movilidad ocupacional en América Latina 

      Ciaschi, Matías; Gasparini, Leonardo; Neidhöfer, Guido (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-16)
      La persistencia de desigualdades entre generaciones representa un tópico de sumo interés para las sociedades. Mientras que la mayoría de este tipo de estudios se concentra en desigualdades educativas, en este trabajo ...
    • Intergenerational mobility in education in Latin America 

      Neidhöfer, Guido; Ciaschi, Matías; Gasparini, Leonardo (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-15)
      This document provides a comprehensive analysis of intergenerational mobility in Latin America, focusing on the association between parental education and the education of their children. It updates the estimates provided ...
    • Does it Matter Where You Grow up? Childhood Exposure Effects in Latin America and the Caribbean 

      Muñoz, Ercio (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-15)
      I study whether the observed differences in intergenerational educational mobility across regions in Latin America and the Caribbean are due to the sorting of families or the effect of grow ing up in these different places. ...
    • Teen childbearing in Latin America: the mother-daughter link 

      Machado, Matilde P.; Mora, Ricardo; Olivo, Karen (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-14)
      Using DHS data for six countries in Latin America and the Caribbean region, we estimate the relation between a mother’s teenage childbearing and that of her daughter’s. Our results show that restricting the estimating ...
    • Igualdad de oportunidades educativas: un indicador sencillo para América Latina 

      Gasparini, Leonardo; Laguinge, Luis; Ciaschi, Matías; Guido Neidhöfer (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-07)
      Este documento presenta estimaciones para América Latina de un indicador simple de igualdad de oportunidades educativas que mide el grado en que las variables de entorno familiar (ingreso y educación de los padres) dan ...
    • Bureaucratic turnover across levels of government 

      Brassiolo, Pablo; Estrada, Ricardo; Fajardo, Gustavo (CAF; Caracas, 2021-11-19)
      The incidence of patronage can vary widely across levels of gov ernment within a country. We show this in the context of Brazil, which has been the focus of most recent research on patronage. In particular, we find that ...
    • Family Rules: Nepotism in the Mexican Judiciary 

      Brassiolo, Pablo; Estrada, Ricardo; Fajardo, Gustavo; Martínez-Correa, Julian (CAF; Caracas, 2021-10-19)
      We show that bureaucrats can exploit discretion in hiring decisions to engage in forms of favoritism that hinder organizational performance. We do this in the context of the Mexican federal judiciary. The arrival of a judge ...
    • Determinantes de los niveles de integración regional en las dos últimas décadas 

      Moncarz, Pedro; Flores, Manuel; Villano, Sebastian; Vaillant, Marcel (CAF; Caracas, 2021-09-09)
      La hipótesis principal del trabajo es que el mal desempeño de América Latina en términos de comercio intrarregional se explica por los altos niveles de costos comerciales. Se construyó una base de datos para el período ...
    • Inequality and Crime in Latin America and the Caribbean: New Data for and Old Question 

      Schargrodsky, Ernesto; Freira, Lucía (CAF; Caracas, 2021-09-07)
      The purpose of this paper is to study the relationship between inequality and crime, with a focus on the Latin America and Caribbean region.We find a significant, positive, and robust association between these variables. ...
    • Estrategia de contención del COVID-19 en el Barrio Padre Carlos Mugica (Ciudad de Buenos Aires) 

      Suaya, Agustina; Schargrodsky, Ernesto (CAF; Caracas, 2021-06-16)
      En el marco de la pandemia de la COVID-19 el presente estudio busca brindar evidencia sobre la efectividad de una estrategia integral en la contención del virus implementada por el Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires ...
    • Waits and Delays in Road Freight Transport 

      Hernández, Carlos Eduardo (CAF; Caracas, 2021-05-06)
      This paper studies waits and delays in the trucking industry of a developing country: Colombia. We follow 186,000 longhaul trips over 926 routes between 2015 and 2019, using GPS devices located in trucks. We find that ...
    • Misallocated Talent: Teen Pregnancy, Education and Job Sorting in Colombia 

      Agüero, Jorge M. (CAF; Caracas, 2021-04-20)
      Policy makers and international organizations often argue that teenage pregnancy affects girls’ life trajectories by, for example, limiting their employment opportunities. These concerns are amplified in regions with high ...
    • Bimodal Transport Infrastructure and Regional Development: Evidence from Argentina, 1960 - 1991 

      Belmar, José; Gentile Passaro, Diego (CAF; Caracas, 2021-04-13)
      We estimate the impact of railroad and road infrastructure on local economic development through the study of massive transport infrastructure changes in Argentina. Following a World Bank study, 10,000 kilometers of railroads ...