Now showing items 94-113 of 173

    • Management practices, firm ownership, and productivity in Latin America 

      Lemos, Renata; Scur, Daniela (CAF; Caracas, 2012)
      We analyze management and performance data for over 8,000 manufacturing firms across the Americas, Asia and Europe. We find that Latin American firms have poor management practices by international standards, with limited ...
    • Measuring Imperfect Competition in Product and Labor Markets. An Empirical Analysis using Firm-level Production Data 

      Tortarolo, Dario; Zarate, Roman D. (CAF; California, 2018-01)
      In this paper, we develop a simple theoretical model that allows us to disentangle empirically the extent of imperfect competition in product and labor markets using plant-level production data. The model assumes ...
    • Measuring the Cost of Congestion in Highly Congested City: Bogotá 

      Akbar, Prottoy; Duranton, Gilles (CAF; Buenos Aires, 2017-04)
      We provide a novel approach to estimate the deadweight loss of congestion. We implement it for road travel in the city of Bogotá using information from a travel survey and counterfactual travel data generated from Google ...
    • Measuring the size and growth of cities using nighttime light 

      Ch, R.; Martin, D.; Vargas, J. (CAF; Caracas, 2018-09-20)
      This paper uses high-resolution images of nighttime luminosity to estimate a globally comparable measure of the size of metropolitan areas around the world for the years 2000 and 2010. We apply recently-proposed methodologies ...
    • Microdatos para el estudio de la productividad en América Latina 

      Eslava, Marcela; Hurtado, Bryan; Albis, Nadia; Andreasen, Eugenia; Carbajal, Fedora; Dardati, Evangelina; Guiñazu, Sebastián; Giuliodori, David; López-Martín, Bernabé; Martínez, Julián; Rodriguez, Alejandro; Rosich, Lucía; Rovira, Flavia; Sánchez, Erica; Urrutia, Carlos (CAF; Caracas, 2018-07)
      La creciente disponibilidad de microdatos empresariales ha permitido a los investigadores indagar sobre el papel que la heterogeneidad entre las empresas o establecimientos productivos juega para explicar la productividad ...
    • Money can buy me life. The Effect of a Basic Pension on Mortality: a Regression Discontinuity Design 

      Miglino, Enrico; Navarrete H., Nicolas; Navarrete H., Gonzalo; Navarrete H., Pablo (Caracas, 2018-06-12)
      This paper estimates the effect of a permanent income increase for the elderly on their health outcomes. Our regression discontinuity design exploits an eligibility cutoff in a Chilean basic pension program that grants ...
    • More to Live for: Health Investment Responses to Expected Retirement Wealth in Chile 

      Miller, Grant; Valdés, Nieves; Vera-Hernández, Marcos (CAF; Caracas, 2019-12-18)
      A poorly understood but important way that economic conditions influence health is through the incentives that they create for health investments. In this paper, we study how individuals’ current health investments respond ...
    • Motherhood and the missing women in the labor market 

      Berniell, I; Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Edo, M; Marchionni, M (CAF; Caracas, 2018-09-06)
      Motherhood currently stands out as a key determinant of the gender gap in labor market outcomes. Studies identifying the effect of children have mostly focused in Europe and the US. These results may not be extrapolated ...
    • Moving Citizens and Deterring Criminals: Innovation in Public Transport Facilities 

      Canavire-Bacarreza, Gustavo; Duque, Juan Carlos; Urrego, Joaquin A. (CAF; Buenos Aires, 2016-11)
      This paper explores the relationship between urban public transportation innovation and crime. In 2004, the city of Medellin in Colombia developed an innovative public transportation system based on cable cars (Metrocable) ...
    • Moving “away" from Opportunities?: Homeownership and Employment 

      Navarrete, Pablo; Navarrete, Nicolás (CAF; Santiago de Chile, 2016-07-10)
      Homeownership is promoted by the majority of OECD member countries. Nevertheless, the impact that owning a house can have on employment levels is not fully understood. In this paper, we estimate the causal effect of ...
    • My (Running) Mate, the Mayor: Political Ties and Access to Public Jobs in Ecuador 

      Brassiolo, Pablo; Estrada, Ricardo; Fajardo, Gustavo (CAF; Caracas, 2020-01-17)
      We show that local politicians’ probability of being employed by a municipality increases when they have a strong party connection to its mayor. Using a regression discontinuity design, we compare the employment outcomes ...
    • Occupational Choice and Investments in Human Capital in Informal Economies 

      Berniell, Lucila (CAF; Argentina, 2017-12-12)
      Countries di er greatly in their levels of schooling and also in their rates of entrepreneurship. At the same time, the share of the so-called \shadow economy" -informal economic activities- is very large in some countries ...
    • Oil abundance and growth 

      Cavalcanti, Tiago; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Raissi, Mehdi (CAF; Caracas, 2010)
      The aim of this paper is to investigate the following questions: Is an abundance of oil, a curse or a blessing? What are the effects of oil abundance on growth and economic development, as seen in the level of income per ...
    • On the emergence and significance of local economic development strategies 

      Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés; Tijmstra, Sylvia (CAF; Caracas, 2009)
      This paper examines to what extent local and regional economic development strategies (LED) are becoming a necessary and viable complement to traditional development strategies in a world that has been radically changed ...
    • On the middle 70%. The impact of fiscal policy on the emerging middle class in Latin America using Commitment to Equity 

      Daude, Christian; Lustig, Nora; Melguizo, Angel; Perea, Jose Ramon (CAF; Buenos Aires, 2017-08-05)
      This paper analyzes the effects of indirect and direct taxes, as well as monetary and in-kind transfers on the income distribution in nine Latin American countries applying the CEQ methodology and using household and ...
    • Optimal age-dependent taxation in emerging markets: A quantitative assessment 

      Uribe-Terán, Carlos; Gachet, Iván; Grijalva, Diego F. (CAF; Caracas, 2019-12-29)
      This paper studies the design and welfare implications of an optimal age-dependent taxation scheme for an emerging economy. The setting is an overlapping generations economy with uninsured productivity risk, partially ...
    • Patrones de desarrollo en América Latina: ¿convergencia o caída en la trampa del ingreso medio? 

      Sanguinetti, Pablo; Villar, Leonardo (CAF; Caracas, 2012)
      América Latina cuenta con el mayor número de países de ingreso medio del mundo, sin embargo, durante la mayor parte del siglo XX las tasas de crecimiento per cápita de los países de la región fueron inferiores a aquellas ...
    • Pax Monopolista and Crime: The Case of the Emergence of the Primeiro Comando da Capital in São Paulo 

      Biderman, Ciro; Sergio De Lima, Renato; Pinho De Mello, João Manoel; Schneider, Alexandre (CAF; Caracas, 2014-07-15)
      This paper documents a rare phenomenon: the consequence of the dominance of a single criminal gang in the city of São Paulo, the Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC). Using unique data to identify entry in geographically ...
    • Peer Effects in the Development of Capabilities in Adolescence 

      Balsa, Ana; Gandelman, Néstor; Roldán, Flavia (CAF; Caracas, 2015-09-29)
      We estimate peer effects in cognitive, non-cognitive and health-related outcomes in a sample of Uruguayan high-school students. Our identification strategy is based on two features of the data: (i) parents are not able to ...
    • People or places: the causes of spatial income differences in Brazil 

      Clemens, Michael; Ortega, Daniel (CAF; Caracas, 2010)
      This paper explores testable implications of a simple model of spatial heterogeneity in earnings, a model in which this spatial heterogeneity arises both from differences in the places that people work and differences among ...