Now showing items 88-107 of 174

    • Kickbacks and limits on campaign donations 

      Gulzar, Saad; Rueda, Miguel R.; Ruiz, Nelson A. (CAF; Caracas, 2019-03-21)
      How do campaign contribution limits alter the influence of donors over elected officials? We propose a model to explore this question and test its implications using data from Colombian municipalities. Using a regression ...
    • La importancia del servicio civil en el desarrollo de capacidades estatales en América Latina 

      Iacoviello, Mercedes; Chudnovsky, Mariana (CAF, 2015-07)
      El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el vínculo entre el Servicio Civil y la capacidad del sector público de implementar políticas. Para ello, examina la relación del Servicio Civil con (1) la institucionalidad formal ...
    • Life expectancy at retirement and income levels in Chile 

      Edwards, Gonzalo; Soto, Raimundo; Zurita, Felipe (CAF; Caracas, 2020-06-15)
      We document that life expectancies at the age of retirement differ significantly by income levels and gender in Chile. Using a sample of over 500 thousand workers that retired under the annuity system, we find that, ...
    • Local economic development. Some cities develop more than others: specialization, human capital and institutions 

      Storper, Michael (CAF; Caracas, 2009)
      Why does a certain metropolitan area grow more than another? The answer to this question has evaded much of the considerable body of scholarship on the topic. One problem may be that some of the frameworks that drive ...
    • Local governments' capacity and performance: evidence from peruvian municipalities 

      Aragón, Fernando; Casas, Carlos (CAF; Caracas, 2008)
      This paper explores the extent of technical capacity constraints in Peruvian local governments. To do that, we study how effective municipalities are in using a significant income windfall due to central government transfers ...
    • Los efectos de un programa de transferencias de ingresos en la ciudad de Buenos Aires 

      Hatrick, Agustina (CAF, 2015-06-01)
      Las transferencias condicionadas de ingreso, ampliamente extendidas en América Latina, afectan decisiones económicas de sus beneficiarios y tienen impactos sobre distintas dimensiones de su bienestar. En este trabajo, ...
    • Losing health insurance when young: Impacts on usage of medical services and health 

      de la Mata, Dolores; Gaviria, Carlos Felipe (CAF, 2015-04)
      In this study we exploit a regulation in Colombia that exogenously changes health insurance coverage of young adult dependents, specifically those turning 18 years old, to analyze the effects of losing health insurance ...
    • Management practices, firm ownership, and productivity in Latin America 

      Lemos, Renata; Scur, Daniela (CAF; Caracas, 2012)
      We analyze management and performance data for over 8,000 manufacturing firms across the Americas, Asia and Europe. We find that Latin American firms have poor management practices by international standards, with limited ...
    • Measuring Imperfect Competition in Product and Labor Markets. An Empirical Analysis using Firm-level Production Data 

      Tortarolo, Dario; Zarate, Roman D. (CAF; California, 2018-01)
      In this paper, we develop a simple theoretical model that allows us to disentangle empirically the extent of imperfect competition in product and labor markets using plant-level production data. The model assumes ...
    • Measuring the Cost of Congestion in Highly Congested City: Bogotá 

      Akbar, Prottoy; Duranton, Gilles (CAF; Buenos Aires, 2017-04)
      We provide a novel approach to estimate the deadweight loss of congestion. We implement it for road travel in the city of Bogotá using information from a travel survey and counterfactual travel data generated from Google ...
    • Measuring the size and growth of cities using nighttime light 

      Ch, R.; Martin, D.; Vargas, J. (CAF; Caracas, 2018-09-20)
      This paper uses high-resolution images of nighttime luminosity to estimate a globally comparable measure of the size of metropolitan areas around the world for the years 2000 and 2010. We apply recently-proposed methodologies ...
    • Microdatos para el estudio de la productividad en América Latina 

      Eslava, Marcela; Hurtado, Bryan; Albis, Nadia; Andreasen, Eugenia; Carbajal, Fedora; Dardati, Evangelina; Guiñazu, Sebastián; Giuliodori, David; López-Martín, Bernabé; Martínez, Julián; Rodriguez, Alejandro; Rosich, Lucía; Rovira, Flavia; Sánchez, Erica; Urrutia, Carlos (CAF; Caracas, 2018-07)
      La creciente disponibilidad de microdatos empresariales ha permitido a los investigadores indagar sobre el papel que la heterogeneidad entre las empresas o establecimientos productivos juega para explicar la productividad ...
    • Money can buy me life. The Effect of a Basic Pension on Mortality: a Regression Discontinuity Design 

      Miglino, Enrico; Navarrete H., Nicolas; Navarrete H., Gonzalo; Navarrete H., Pablo (Caracas, 2018-06-12)
      This paper estimates the effect of a permanent income increase for the elderly on their health outcomes. Our regression discontinuity design exploits an eligibility cutoff in a Chilean basic pension program that grants ...
    • More to Live for: Health Investment Responses to Expected Retirement Wealth in Chile 

      Miller, Grant; Valdés, Nieves; Vera-Hernández, Marcos (CAF; Caracas, 2019-12-18)
      A poorly understood but important way that economic conditions influence health is through the incentives that they create for health investments. In this paper, we study how individuals’ current health investments respond ...
    • Motherhood and the missing women in the labor market 

      Berniell, I; Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Edo, M; Marchionni, M (CAF; Caracas, 2018-09-06)
      Motherhood currently stands out as a key determinant of the gender gap in labor market outcomes. Studies identifying the effect of children have mostly focused in Europe and the US. These results may not be extrapolated ...
    • Moving Citizens and Deterring Criminals: Innovation in Public Transport Facilities 

      Canavire-Bacarreza, Gustavo; Duque, Juan Carlos; Urrego, Joaquin A. (CAF; Buenos Aires, 2016-11)
      This paper explores the relationship between urban public transportation innovation and crime. In 2004, the city of Medellin in Colombia developed an innovative public transportation system based on cable cars (Metrocable) ...
    • Moving “away" from Opportunities?: Homeownership and Employment 

      Navarrete, Pablo; Navarrete, Nicolás (CAF; Santiago de Chile, 2016-07-10)
      Homeownership is promoted by the majority of OECD member countries. Nevertheless, the impact that owning a house can have on employment levels is not fully understood. In this paper, we estimate the causal effect of ...
    • My (Running) Mate, the Mayor: Political Ties and Access to Public Jobs in Ecuador 

      Brassiolo, Pablo; Estrada, Ricardo; Fajardo, Gustavo (CAF; Caracas, 2020-01-17)
      We show that local politicians’ probability of being employed by a municipality increases when they have a strong party connection to its mayor. Using a regression discontinuity design, we compare the employment outcomes ...
    • Occupational Choice and Investments in Human Capital in Informal Economies 

      Berniell, Lucila (CAF; Argentina, 2017-12-12)
      Countries di er greatly in their levels of schooling and also in their rates of entrepreneurship. At the same time, the share of the so-called \shadow economy" -informal economic activities- is very large in some countries ...
    • Oil abundance and growth 

      Cavalcanti, Tiago; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Raissi, Mehdi (CAF; Caracas, 2010)
      The aim of this paper is to investigate the following questions: Is an abundance of oil, a curse or a blessing? What are the effects of oil abundance on growth and economic development, as seen in the level of income per ...