Now showing items 1585-1604 of 1680

    • The Effect of Split-Ticket Voting Cost on Electoral Enfranchisement 

      Villegas-Bauer, Germán; Juncosa, Federico (2022-12)
      The features of electoral systems can affect electoral outcomes even for fixed societal preferences. We analyze a quasi-experiment around a staggered change from a paper ballot to an electronic ballot system, which reduces ...
    • The Effect of the Increasing Demand for Elite Schools on Stratification 

      Estrada, Ricardo (CAF; Buenos Aires, 2017-05-31)
      I use detailed applications data to document a case in which, contrary to prevailing concerns, increasing school stratification by ability co-existed with stable stratification by family income: Mexico City public high ...
    • The Effect of the Minimum Wage on Employment in Brazil 

      Saltiel, Fernando; Urzúa, Sergio (CAF; Buenos Aires, 2017-10-16)
      During the economic boom of the early 2000s, most Latin American countries increased their minimum wages. In Brazil, the real minimum wage increased by upwards of 60 percent from 2003 through 2012. In this paper, we take ...
    • The GovTech Index 2020 Unlocking the Potential of GovTech Ecosystems in Latin America, Spain and Portugal 

      Zapata, Enrique; Stirling, Richard; Pasquarelli, Walter; Shearer, Eleanor (CAF, Oxford Insights; Caracas, 2020-06-02)
      The emergence of GovTech startups is probably one of the most promising trends in the public innovation landscape in recent years. GovTech ecosystems are made of a new brand of tech-based, data-driven startups with a public ...
    • The impact of financial repression on interest rate spreads in Venezuela 

      Arreaza, Adriana; Huskey, Wegner; Zumeta, Jesús (CAF; Caracas, 2009)
      This paper empirically examines the effect of financial repression on interest rates spreads in Venezuela. In order to have a measure of financial repression, we built an index that captures the opportunity cost of regulatory ...
    • The impact of lowering the payroll tax on informality in Colombia 

      Fernández, C.; Villar, L. (Caracas, 2016)
      The Colombian government recently reformed the tax law by reducing payroll contributions from 29.5% to 16% and substituting them with a profit tax. The law was passed in December 2012, and two years later the informality ...
    • The impact of taxes and social spending on inequality and poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico and Peru: a synthesis of results 

      Lustig, Nora; Gray Molina, George; Higgins, Sean; Jaramillo, Miguel; Jiménez, Wilson; Paz, Verónica; Pereira, Claudiney; Pessino, Carola; Scott, John; Yáñez, Ernesto (CAF; Caracas, 2012)
      We apply a standard tax and benefit incidence analysis to estimate the impact on inequality and poverty of direct taxes, indirect taxes and subsidies, and social spending (cash and food transfers and in-kind transfers in ...
    • The impact of the minimum wage on the destruction and creation of products 

      Álvarez, Roberto; Navarro, Lucas (CAF; Santiago de Chile, 2017-12-06)
      We study the impact of changes in the legal minimum wage on the creation and destruction of products at the firm level. This can be a relevant way for increasing firm productivity and for explaining why the raises in the ...
    • The Life-cycle Growth of Plants in Colombia: Fundamentals vs. Distortions 

      Eslava, Marcela; Haltiwangerz, John (CAF; Buenos Aires, 2017-10-05)
      We take advantage of rich microdata on Colombian manufacturing establishments to decompose growth over an establishment’s life cycle into that attributable to fundamental sources of idiosyncratic growth ̶ physical productivity, ...
    • The Long and Winding Roads: Roads, Inequality, and Growth in Colombia 

      Quintero, Luis; Sinisterra, Guillermo (CAF; Caracas, 2022-11-01)
      We measure the impact on economic performance and land ownership inequality in municipalities of a large scale program of road network expansions and improvements that occurred in Colombia between 1993 to 2012. The treatment ...
    • The pharmacological channel revisited: alcohol sales restrictions and crime in Bogotá 

      De Mello, Joao; Mejía, Daniel; Suárez, Lucía (CAF; Caracas, 2013)
      Our goal in this paper is twofold: First, evaluate the impact on crime of the restriction of latenight alcohol sales in Bogotá; and second, quantify the causal effect of problematic alcohol consumption on different crime ...
    • The pillars of fiscal decentralization 

      Bahl, Roy (CAF; Caracas, 2008)
      Fiscal decentralization can de be defined as the process of transferring budgetary authority from central government to elected subnational governments in order to grant them power to make decisions regarding taxes and ...
    • The political economy of budgeting in Latin America procedures, oversight, and participation 

      Pereira, Carlos; Melo, Marcus (CAF; Caracas, 2011)
      This report provides a selective overview of issues pertaining to the budgetary process and a mapping out of budgetary institutions in Latin America and assesses to what extent budgets play the role societies expect from ...
    • The Poverty Stoplight 

      Cavanna, Javier Martín (CAF; Caracas, 2021-07-15)
      With this study, CAF intends to share with the Fundación Paraguaya the knowledge gained during the construction and implementation of the initiative, putting the reader in the author's shoes to tell the story. We hope ...
    • The role of the govtech in the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals 

      Zapata, Enrique; Barbero, Martina; Ortiz, Alonso (Caracas, 2022)
      This document explores the role that govtech plays in the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Latin American (LATAM) and its contribution towards strengthening the take up of the data and the ...
    • The role of unwanted childbirths on female wages and education 

      Odriozola, Juan (2022-12-21)
      This paper documents how unwanted childbirths relate to women’s education and wages. Unwanted childbirths, especially early in life, can affect women’s education and labor market decisions. Using data from the National ...
    • The Value of Free Health Insurance Schemes in Developing Countries 

      Conti, Gabriella; Ginja, Rita; Narita, Renata (CAF; Caracas, 2019-12-13)
      Brazil began the implementation of SUS (Universal Health Insurance) in 1988. To the extent that SUS broke the link between employment contract and health insurance, it may have changed the incentives for individuals to ...
    • TIC: barreras administrativas y competitividad 

      CAF (CAF, 2013-06-01)
      La realidad de cada país y el buen funcionamiento de las instituciones públicas son factores determinantes para promover el crecimiento de una empresa, a través de programas que disminuyan la burocracia y la corrupción.
    • Los tipos de textos en español: formas, técnica y producción 

      Mendoza, Nila (CAF; UNESCO; IESALC; Caracas, 2007)
      Constituye una iniciativa del Instituto Internacional para la Educación Superior en América Latina y el Caribe (IESALC-Unesco) y de CAF, desarrollada con el propósito de apoyar los conocimientos docentes sobre aspectos ...
    • Todos necesitamos más educación: ¿qué se puede hacer para disminuir el ausentismo de los maestros? 

      International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) (CAF; Caracas, 2009-03)
      Se ha demostrado que el monitoreo de las actividades y los incentivos económicos producen un impacto significativo en la tasa de ausentismo o asistencia de los docentes a sus labores educativas, aunque el monitoreo a nivel ...