Income Segregation and Urban Spatial Structure: Evidence from Brazil
García-López, Miguel Ángel
Moreno-Monroy, Ana I.
We estimate the effect of urban spatial structure on income segregation in Brazilian cities between 2000 and 2010. Our results show that, first, local density conditions increase income segregation: the effect is higher in monocentric cities and smaller in polycentric ones. Second, the degree of monocentricity-polycentricity also affects segregation: while a higher concentration of jobs in and around the CBD decreases segregation in monocentric cities, a higher employment concentration in and around subcenters located far from the CBD decreases segregation in polycentric cities. Third, results are heterogeneous according to city size: local density does not increase segregation in small (monocentric) cities, it increases segregation in medium size cities, and it decreases segregation in large (polycentric) cities. Finally, results also differ between income groups: while local density conditions increase the segregation of the poor, a more polycentric configuration reduces the segregation of the rich.
País / Región
Puede citar el documento con el texto siguiente:
Item perteneciente a la Colección
Items similares por titulo, autores y/o materias.
Alves, Guillermo (CAF; Caracas, 2016-10-10)I study slum growth in contemporary urbanization processes by estimating a spatial equilibrium model with houses with and without basic water and sanitation services in Brazilian cities between 1991 and 2010. Slum growth ...
Monteiro, Joana; Rocha, Rudi (CAF; Caracas, 2013)This paper examines the effects of armed conflicts between drug gangs in Rio de Janeiro's favelas on student achievement. To identify the causal effect of violence on education, we explore variation in violence that occurs ...
García, Juan Felipe; Mejía, Daniel; Ortega, Daniel (CAF; Caracas, 2013)The Plan Nacional de Vigilancia Comunitaria por Cuadrantes (PNVCC) is a new police patrolling program introduced in the eight major cities of Colombia in 2010 by the National Police. The strategy divides the largest cities ...