En esta colección se encuentran los documentos de trabajo realizados y editados por la Dirección de Investigaciones Socioeconómicas de CAF con el objetivo de informar y fomentar el intercambio de opiniones sobre temas prioritarios para la región.

Recent Submissions

  • Transit Infrastructure and Couples’ Commuting Choices in General Equilibrium 

    Velásquez, Daniel (CAF; Caracas, 2022-07-22)
    What is the impact of improving the transit infrastructure on the gender earnings gap? How does family structure matter to un‐derstand the impact of new transit infrastructure? Recent mod‐els on spatial economics hinge on ...
  • Intra-bloc tariffs and preferential margins in trade agreements 

    Ornelas, Emanuel; Tovar, Patricia (CAF; Caracas, 2022-07-11)
    We study how countries choose intra-bloc tariffs and preferential margins in Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs). Our model indicates that countries should set systematically lower prefer-ential margins when the bloc takes ...
  • How infrastructure shapes comparative advantage 

    Quintana, Luis Baldomero (CAF; Caracas, 2022-06-30)
    This paper provides evidence that domestic trade costs are a source of comparative advantage. First, I build an international trade and internal geography model with transportation features and input-output linkages. Then, ...
  • The effect of high dismissal protection on bureaucratic turnover and productivity 

    Estrada, Ricardo; Lombardi, María (CAF; Caracas, 2022-06-22)
    This paper studies the impact of high dismissal protection on bureaucratic turnover and productivity in the context of public school teachers in Chile. We take advantage of a law that required education administrators ...
  • Evaluating the Impact of Buenos Aires’s Metrobus on Within-City Spatial Sorting 

    Warnes, Pablo Ernesto (CAF; Caracas, 2022-06-14)
    How do improvements in the urban transport infrastructure affect the spatial sorting of residents with different levels of in-come and education within a city? What are the welfare effects of improving urban transit once ...
  • Roads illuminate development: Using nightlight luminosity to assess the impact of transport infrastructure 

    Bolivar, Osmar (CAF; Caracas, 2022-06-14)
    The research aims to evaluate the impact of paved major roads on economic growth at the municipal level in Bolivia, Paraguay and Ecuador. Due to the absence of municipal information, pub-licly available satellite data are ...
  • Tripping at the Finish Line Experimental Evidence on the Road of Misperceptions on Secondary School Completion 

    López, Carolina (CAF; Caracas, 2022-06-14)
    In Argentina, more than 90 percent of teenagers are enrolled in upper secondary school, but only 50 percent graduate on time. I conducted a field experiment in Salta, Argentina, to test if lack of information about how ...
  • Trends of Educational Mobility Across Three Generations in Latin America 

    Celhay, Pablo A.; Gallegos, Sebastian (CAF; Caracas, 2022-05-27)
    This paper provides new evidence on long term intergenerational mobility in developing countries. We gather data linking schooling outcomes across three generations for six Latin American countries. Our work complements ...
  • Wealth in Latin America 

    Gandelman, Néstor; Lluberas, Rodrigo (CAF; Caracas, 2022-05-16)
    This paper presents harmonized indicators for household wealth, its components, and its determinants (including intergenerational mobility) in four Latin American countries (Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay), using Spain ...
  • Socioeconomic Gradients in Test Scores across Latin American and the Caribbean 

    Carneiro, Pedro; Toppeta, Alessandro (CAF; Caracas, 2022-05-05)
    In this paper we document gaps in math and reading achievement between children whose mothers have completed at least upper secondary education and those who have not, using test scores from third and sixth graders across ...
  • Intergenerational earnings mobility and macroeconomic shocks: Evidence based on administrative records 

    Leites, Martín; Pérez, Tatiana; Ramos, Xavier; Santín, Sofía; Vilá, Joan (CAF; Caracas, 2022-04-26)
    This paper provides novel evidence on trends in intergenerational earnings mobility in a developing country and explores some transmission mechanisms associated with the characteristics of the labor market. Using a novel ...
  • Size, Position and Length in Value Chains in Latin America 

    Lalanne, Álvaro (CAF; Caracas, 2022-03-25)
    In this article, I develop a framework that divides global value chains into regional and extra-regional and studies the participation of Latin American countries in international fragmentation of production along 25 years ...
  • What a difference a full day makes: Evidence from new schools in Fortaleza 

    Estrada, Ricardo; Hatrick, Agustina; Llambi, Cecilia (CAF; Caracas, 2022-03-18)
    Although longer school days are in increasing supply, a lack of consensus about their effectiveness persists. Motivated by this gap, this paper studies the effect of enrolling in a new set of full-time secondary schools ...
  • Envejecimiento y cuidados: principales características para cinco países de América Latina 

    Failache Mirza, Elisa; Katzkowicz Junio, Noemí; Méndez Rivero, Fabrizio; Parada Larre Borges, Cecilia; Querejeta Rabosto, Martina (CAF; Caracas, 2022-03-08)
    En este trabajo analizamos las características de los adultos mayores en situación de dependencia, las estrategias de cuidados y el perfil de las personas cuidadoras, para cinco países de América Latina: Chile, Colombia, ...
  • Expectations about Returns to Education. The Role of Parental and Youths’ Characteristics 

    Novella, Rafael; Repetto, Andrea (CAF; Caracas, 2022-01-17)
    Investing in human capital requires, among others, access and capacity to process information. This paper focuses on understanding the role of expected returns to education in determining schooling decisions. Using data ...
  • Motherhood and the Allocation of Talent 

    Berniell, Inés; Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Edo, María; Fawaz, Yarine; Machado, Matilde P. (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-29)
    In this paper we show that motherhood triggers changes in the allocation of talent in the labor market beyond the well-known effects on gender gaps in employment and earnings. We use an event study approach with retrospective ...
  • La movilidad educativa intergeneracional en el siglo XX en América Latina y el Caribe 

    Berniell, Lucila; Bonavida, Cristian; de la Mata, Dolores; Schargrodsky, Ernesto (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-29)
    En este trabajo aportamos nuevas mediciones de movilidad educativa intergeneracional para América Latina y el Caribe a partir de datos censales armonizados para 22 países. Producimos estimaciones de medidas de movildiad ...
  • Motherhood, Pregnancy or Marriage Effects 

    Berniell, Inés; Berniell, Lucila; de la Mata, Dolores; Edo, María; Fawaz, Yarine; Machado, Matilde P. (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-28)
    The existence of large child penalties on women’s labor market outcomes has been documented for multiple countries and time periods. In this paper, we assess to what extent marriage decisions and pregnancies (including ...
  • Going subnational: wage differentials across levels of government in Brazil, Mexico and Uruguay 

    Baez, Maria Josefina; Brassiolo, Pablo; Estrada, Ricardo; Fajardo, Gustavo (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-22)
    Workers at subnational governments play a prominent role in the delivery of public services in most countries. Yet, information about their remuneration is scarce. Using data for Brazil, Mexico and Uruguay, we document ...
  • Who attract the public sector compensation schemes?: evidence from Latin America 

    Álvarez-Parra, Fernando; Brassiolo, Pablo; Fajardo, Gustavo (CAF; Caracas, 2021-12-22)
    Compensation schemes tend to differ markedly between public and private sector jobs, which can affect the relative preferences of potential employees towards those jobs. We explore this through two informational experiments ...

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